Motor Neurone Disease (MND)

What is Motor Neuron Disease (MND)?

Motor Neuron Disease is a rare degenerative disease which affects the motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord. This directly affects the muscles and how they work, as it interrupts the messages trying to get to them. The muscles will then weaken, stiffen and waste gradually over time. This is a life-shortening condition without a cure, however symptoms can be managed to offer the individual the best possible quality of life.

MND affects everyone differently. Symptoms can progress at different speeds, and in different orders. These symptoms include: muscle weakness; muscle cramps and spasms; stiff joints; pain or discomfort; speech and communication problems; swallowing difficulties; saliva problems; weakened coughing; breathing problems; emotional lability; and changes to thinking and behaviour.


The exact cause for motor neuron disease is unknown, but there are several environmental and genetic factors which are thought to possibly trigger the disease.


While there is no cure for motor neuron disease, treatment can help to reduce the impact that symptoms may have on an individual’s life: offering the chance to maintain independence and a good quality of life. Treatments include: occupational therapy; speech and language therapy; physiotherapy; advice from a dietitian; medicine; and emotional support.

Our Approach

Reducing the impact that motor neuron disease has on your life will take the highest priority when working with our team of experienced rehabilitators at Flex Health. As your condition progresses, we will be on hand to offer you support in order to maintain your independence and functionality. After a comprehensive assessment, one of our team will deliver a person-centred rehabilitation plan which takes into account your goals and wishes for physiotherapy.

Depending on how advanced your condition is, our main aim will be to encourage and maintain functional movements that are essential to your everyday life. We will look at strengthening your healthy muscles in order to compensate for any muscles that are no longer functioning properly. Exercise can help to maintain your range of movement and prevent the muscles from shortening. We will also look at keeping you mobile for as long as possible following diagnosis by limiting the muscles from becoming stiff.

We understand that following a MND diagnosis, you may feel out of control of your life. Our aim is to make you feel in control of your treatment as we work closely with you to develop a treatment plan which takes your goals and wishes into account.


Where will my treatment take place?

Your treatment can take place both in your home and at our facility. On-site at Flex Health you will have access to the latest rehabilitation technology however, we are also able to bring some of that equipment to you.

What will my treatment involve?

Your treatment will involve a combination of manual therapy such as massage, and physical therapy. This could mean using some of our equipment or practising functional movements.

How often will I need treatment?

We firmly believe that consistent care is key to maintaining independence and functionality. We will discuss with you the best options which fit into your lifestyle, however normally we would recommend attending physiotherapy around twice per week.

Is there anything I can do at home?

As part of your individual treatment plan, we will offer advice and support on exercises you to do at home to reduce the symptoms of motor neuron disease.

What equipment will I be using?

At our facility, you will have access to the latest rehabilitation technology. This includes:

FES cycle •
Anti-gravity treadmill •
Vertimax machine •
Exercise-assisted hoist •

Do I need a referral?

At Flex Health, we will take referrals from doctors and self-referrals, so if you are interested in finding out more about how we might be able to support you then please call us on 01482 966 006