Functional Neurological Disorder

What is Functional Neurological Disorder (FND)?

Functional Neurological is the name for a number of neurological symptoms with no identifiable cause. FND is characterised by a series of symptoms such as blackouts, functional limb weakness, tremors, dystonia, pain, sleep disorder and many more. The symptoms may appear similar to neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s or MS, but they are not caused by a structural disease of the nervous system. Instead, the individual will suffer with the actual ‘functioning’ of the nervous system itself.


The exact cause of Functional Neurological Disorder is not exactly known, although it is thought that stress and depression can be factors. However, it is known for people to develop FND without stress or depression being a factor in their lives. There are a number of factors which possibly increase the risk of someone developing Functional Neurological Disorder. These factors include: dissociative disorders; personality disorders; distressing life events; childhood traumas; and having a family member with FND.


The aim of FND treatment is to train the brain to ‘unlearn’ abnormal and dysfunctional movement patterns that have developed. Patients will often be offered multidisciplinary treatment options which involve physiotherapy, psychiatry, occupational health and anything that is relevant to their symptoms. Treatment should take a holistic approach as a patient’s symptoms will be unique to them.

Our Approach

At Flex Health, we aim to provide clients who have Functional Neurological Disorder with a person-centred treatment plan that offers you the chance to be as independent as possible. We will aim to maximise your functionality with the aim being to help you have a better quality of life, while also reducing pain and improving muscle weakness.

After a comprehensive assessment by one of our experienced neurological rehabilitators, we will begin your treatment, taking into account your goals and wishes for your recovery. Your rehabilitation is our number one priority, and we will always be on hand to offer advice and support as you cope with the symptoms of your condition. We want to ensure that everyone who comes to Flex Health is getting the most they possibly can out of life, and this is how we will approach your rehabilitation while you work with us.


Where will my treatment take place?

Your treatment can take place both in your home and at our facility. On-site at Flex Health you will have access to the latest rehabilitation technology however, we are also able to bring some of that equipment to you.

What will my treatment involve?

Your treatment will involve a combination of manual therapy such as massage, and physical therapy. This could mean using some of our equipment or practising functional movements.

What equipment will I be using?

At our facility, you will have access to the latest rehabilitation technology. This includes:

FES cycle •
Anti-gravity treadmill •
Vertimax machine •
Exercise-assisted hoist •

Do I need a referral?

At Flex Health, we will take referrals from doctors and self-referrals, so if you are interested in finding out more about how we might be able to support you then please call us on 01482 966 006.