Brain Injury

What is a brain injury?

Brain injury is damage to the brain through injury or illness. It will normally be classified as ‘acquired’- meaning that it was not present at birth. When damage occurs in the brain, there can be devastating effects for the survivor, with speech, movement, emotions, sight, and capacity all at risk of being affected.

Some forms of acquired brain injury will cause localised damage to the brain, while others, such as meningitis, can cause widespread damage. The impact that brain injury can have will vary drastically from person to person.


  • Stroke
  • Meningitis
  • Encephalitis
  • Brain Tumour
  • Aneurysm
  • Trauma
  • Hypoxia



Stroke occurs when the blood flow to an area of the brain is cut off and the brain cells are deprived of oxygen. This can cause damaging effects which vary depending on which part of the brain is affected. Life altering symptoms may include memory loss, reduced muscle control and paralysis.


Encephalitis is an infection which causes the brain to become inflamed. It can affect anyone but is most common in the very young and the very old. Effects can be cognitive, emotional and physical. Common physical effects include muscular weakness, loss of movement control and pain.


A brain aneurysm is a weak bulging spot on the wall of a brain artery. After some time, the wall of the artery may swell outward, causing the aneurysm to burst and causing blood to escape into the brain. This can result in a vast number of effects such as memory loss, pain and personality changes. Physically, it may cause muscular weakness or decreased fine motor control.


A hypoxic brain injury is caused by deficiency of oxygen to the brain. This will usually be caused by a near-death experience in which a person has stopped breathing and has been revived. This can be devastating for the survivor, and cause damage to all parts of the brain, leaving long lasting effects. These include reduced executive function; speech and language disturbances; personality changes; depression; loss of vision; spasticity; poor movement, balance and co-ordination; tremors; and limb weakness.


Meningitis is an infection which causes the protective membranes of the nervous system to swell. It can be very serious and requires immediate medical attention. The last effects of meningitis can be life-altering for the survivor. These include: hearing or vision loss; problems with memory; recurrent seizures; lack of co-ordination, poor movement and balance problems; and sometimes amputation of limbs.

Brain Tumour

Brain tumours can be either benign or malignant. Benign brain tumours are non-cancerous, while malignant tumours are cancerous. Both have common side effects such as severe headaches, seizures and progressive weakness or paralysis on one side of the body.


A traumatic brain injury is an injury caused by a trauma to the head. There are many causes, including falling, road traffic accident and assaults. The effects of traumatic brain injury can be wide ranging, with physical effects such as balance problems or paralysis, and emotional effects such as memory issues and anger.


It is very common for brain injury survivors to need some sort of rehabilitation following their injury. This can include speech therapy, counselling, neuro psychology, access to occupational therapy and physiotherapy.

Our Approach

It is said that no two brain injuries are the same, and this uniqueness means that at Flex Health we place a large focus on patient specific goals and individualised rehabilitation plans. After an initial assessment with one of our neurological rehabilitators, you will receive a comprehensive therapy plan which details your aims and proposed outcomes.

Your plan will feature a combination of manual therapies and physical therapies, using our state-of-the-art rehabilitation equipment. Our consistent approach to therapy will mean that you are working with your rehabilitator several times per week. We firmly believe that this intensive contact is the key to a successful return to optimum function. We will work closely with you, your family and any carers to ensure that everyone is working towards the same goals and that everything is being done to support your recovery.

At Flex Health, we feel that physiotherapy is not just about getting you to optimal functioning. We also want to ensure that your overall quality of life improves through better mood and a healthier lifestyle. Our team will work hard to promote an understanding of how to achieve these things, with a significant focus on maximising your independence after brain injury.

Depending on how advanced your condition is, our aim will be to encourage and maintain functional movement. We will also look at gait training, balance and fall prevention and management. Manual therapy will be implemented to reduce spasming and to get the joints moving and stretching.

Our team will always be on hand to offer you support and guidance to help you cope with the symptoms of Huntington’s disease.


What will my treatment involve?

While it is important to receive the right treatment and therapy early in recovery, physiotherapy will continue to provide benefits long after your initial injury. Primary effects of the injury- such as loss of sensation or paralysis- may still be present, and it can be particularly helpful to support secondary symptoms such as reduced mobility and low mood.

Your treatment will involve a combination of manual therapy such as massage, and physical therapy. This could mean using some of our equipment or practising functional movements.

What equipment will I be using?

At our facility, you will have access to the latest rehabilitation technology. This includes:

FES cycle •
Anti-gravity treadmill •
Vertimax machine •
Exercise-assisted hoist •

Do I need a referral?

At Flex Health, we will take referrals from doctors and self-referrals, so if you are interested in finding out more about how we might be able to support you then please call us on 01482 966 006.