Ankle Injury

What is a ankle pain?

Ankle pain can refer to any type of pain or discomfort in the ankles, usually caused by an injury or medical condition. Common symptoms associated with ankle pain include swelling, stiffness, redness and warmth. This is a musculoskeletal condition which can be treated in a number of ways using medication and physiotherapy.

Common types of ankle pain include:

  • Sprain
  • Tendinopathy
  • Arthritis
  • Fracture

What are the causes of ankle pain?

There are many potential causes of ankle pain, including acute injuries, such as sprain or fracture to chronic conditions like osteoarthritis. Injuries can occur from rolling the ankle whilst walking, running or jumping and often happen when a person is playing sports.

Types of ankle pain


An ankle sprain refers to an injury in one or more of the ligaments surrounding the ankle. These are common and can occur from stepping off a step, walking on an uneven surface, a fall or while playing a sport such as tennis or football. The ankle will roll or twist, causing the ligament to be injured. A person may experience swelling and bruising and be unable to put weight on the ankle.


There are three types of arthritis which may affect the ankle: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and posttraumatic arthritis. Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage around a joint gradually deteriorates, causing the bones to rub together causing pain. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition where a person’s immune system attacks multiple joints throughout the body, causing pain and other symptoms like fatigue and weight loss. Posttraumatic arthritis may develop after an ankle injury and is similar to osteoarthritis as the cartilage begins to wear away.


Tendinopathy (sometimes referred to as Tendonitis) is where the tendons, which attach muscle to bone, become irritated and inflamed. Tendinopathy may start as a dull ache or tightening sensation which worsens over several weeks. Swelling may occur in more serious cases.


A fracture has similar causes to an ankle sprain but instead results in a break to the bone in the ankle. This is a common ankle injury and is accompanied by severe pain, swelling, bruising, and an inability to put weight on the ankle.

How do you treat Ankle injuries?

At Flex Health we will do a comprehensive assessment of your ankle pain, where we can determine the cause and recommend a person-centred treatment plan, taking into account your hopes for the rehabilitation process. We frequently work with patients who need to be back on their feet quickly whilst also reducing the risk of repeated injury and we are known by local sports teams and players for our reduced rehab times.

Our aims will be to rebuild strength in the ankle and ease any stiffness and pain, whilst also looking to improve your overall flexibility and fitness. By focusing on these core aims, we hope to eliminate the possibility of repeated issues.


Is there anything I can do at home to help my recovery?

We would strongly advise discussing physiotherapy exercises and techniques with a qualified rehabilitator prior to trying exercises at home. While we will prescribe some active therapies to do in your spare time, it is always best to consult a professional as you could make your injury worse and cause more pain.

Do I need a referral?

At Flex Health, we will take referrals from doctors and self-referrals, so if you are interested in finding out more about how we might be able to support you then please call us on 01482 966 006.